Animal Farm by George Orwell is a dystopian book presenting the events in the Stalinist era in the early 20th century Russia with animals symbolizing the historical characters. The book accounts the revolution to tyranny to a totalitarianism government in an understandable and simple way to readers.
The story took place on a farm filled with overworked, abused, and miserable animals. One day, Old Major, an old boar, gathered all the animals in the barn and told them that the animals must finally overthrow Mr. Jones, the farm owner, for they had truly suffered too long. A few days later, Old Major died, but his idea of the “Rebellion” sparked interest and determination. The animals managed to overthrow Jones and claimed the farm as their own.
Following their victory, the animals rejoiced and began to plan a new system of government and lifestyle. The pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, were the smartest and led most of the meetings. They establish the seven commandments of “Animalism” which prohibited anything associated to mankind and asserted that all animals were comrades. Through teamwork and excellent leadership by the pigs, Animal Farm (they also changed the name) received a greater harvest than any year before.
Shortly after, during one of their weekly meetings in the barn, Napoleon suddenly summoned a pack of dogs he had secretly trained to chase Snowball away. Scared for his life, Snowball was never seen again on Animal Farm. Napoleon explained to the frightened animals that Snowball was a traitor and that he was better gone anyways. Napoleon became the leader of Animal Farm.
In an unexpected series of events, the story ended with a totalitarianism government just like before. Orwell records the historical events of the Russian Revolution in a satirical and comprehensible manner, perfect for all readers interested in a good book and history.
Animal Farm by George Orwell, Plume; Reprint edition (2003), 128 pp.